The DS in Scandinavia, by Dr Danche

english version:
version française:

Northern countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and also Finland but not so much) were historical loyal Citroën customers, and fell in love with the DS when she appeared, ordering it in reasonable quantities.

The D-models were sent from Paris or Brussels, to Denmark (as an exportation platform) or directly to the receiving country. In Denmark or further north on the road, the cars were a little modified to be adapted to the legislation of the receiving country.

In official books about the DS, there is always a vague notion of "export Scandinavia", but be aware of the ancestral pride of the vikings: we should really look at the question, country by country.

 

Please note that i am absolutely unsure of what is written below. (Scandinavia is a bit far from my home)
I would appreciate any local help to make this page more accurate.
My email sounds: docteurdanche@orange.fr




Norway

In this country, on the first DS models, there is an additional gauge for the water temperature. Here are 2 pictures from 1956 cars; alas i don't have any good close up.

On the bonnet, on the first models, until an unknown model-year, there is written "Citroën" like on some US export models..

[This is quite unsure becaused it's based on my observations on only one model, below, and i feel that the inscription is not in the right place on the bonnet]

- starting on the 1st of January 1971, a new norvegian legislation asks for a sideblinker. The shape of the norvegian sideblinker (made by SEIMA) is the same as the Italian ones (last generation).

Early models of this norvegian sideblinker have the property to lose their original orange colour in their center, and they appear white.

At last, there is something really odd about Norway. You'll find there today many 75 models (many more - in proportion- than in France). .

And most of these cars are with black targa and the colour of the car is... Rouge Cornaline AC419, a colour that had disappeared from the tables since 1969.

This was due to an initiative of the predecessor of M Martinot, head of Citroen Norge. When Citroën announced the end of the DS, he ordered in France a bulk of DS, anticipating the orders from his customers. They were all red, it was his choice, because the insurance is lower in Norge for red cars, because you see them better in the snow!

Here pictures of one of the very last DSpecial, AC419.

 

Denmark

- on the first DS, the additional Motometer water temperature gauge added by Citroën Denmark is smaller than the one hat was added in Norway. Due to danish authorities compliance, Citroën Denmark added also two red lights repeating the blinker (to tell if it's activated to the right or to the left). Here a picture on a 56 DS (#5331), which belongs to Gert Bue Larsen in Denmark.


The "Citroën" inscription is also present in Denmark, and is here correctly installed.

- the danish legislation in 56 asks for a sideblinker. On the first french DS, there is a native sideblinker (between the two doors), but not on the ID (the light between the doors, that looks like being exactly the same as on the DS, is in fact used only as a stationary light).

Therefore the first IDs in Denmark have such kind of "Ermax" sideblinker (that was used on many many cars in Denmark).

Early DS's also had a modification on this point: they had a larger "ERMAX" device instead of the normal one. The eason is that there is a danish rule that the side light must be clearly visible also in bright sunlight: the ERMAX device allows 5 Watt bulbs instead of the french 1,5W standard ones.

When the french sideblinker disappears on DS (1962), the DS must also have, like the ID, a special danish sideblinker on the front wing. The design of the object changes in this occasion, and becomes a nice and elegant arrow, also made by Ermax, and used for both DS and ID.
Later (1971/72), this arrow was abandoned, and a simple circle SEIMA light was used, like in Norway.
Last point: the back reflector was thought too small for the danish people. Therefore, a bigger one in installed, here on a ID 1957.

There is also the story of 34 Id estate made specially for Denmark, that is told in french here: ce lien

I would appreciate more information about later Danish cars.
One more thing i know is that there was no DS20 ever sold new in Denmark.

 

 

Sweden

the DS made its first debut is Sweden quite early: the first cars were introduced to the press in January 56. The oldest known surviving DS in Sweden is chassis number 2308, quite a few thousand earlier than Danish or Novegian cars.

Early models in Sweden did not differ much from the French ones: there was only a supplementary water temperature gauge, of a different type from the danish or norvegian ones: the swedish one has a black colour, and does not present the danish lights for blinkers.

On IDs, the swedish temperature gauge was installed as possible on the dashboard.
I would think it was the same for IDs in Norway and Denmark, but i have no picture.
On DS, a bigger reflector was installed on the bumper. I would think, telling from the old Black & White picture, that these were meant as additional to the normal reflectors.
Also on the Black and White picture, we see clearly the Swedish "half way" curved exhaust pipes and the bigger rear mud guards, that were mandatory in Sweden,
behind the front and rear wheels.
On ID, it seems to me that the option was to put a bigger reflector (chromated on short wings).

On the DS and ID, these rear reflectors were bigger than original only until 1967, after that the original type was approved.

The front number plate holder was painted in white on first models in Sweden.

You might get a complete presentation of three 50's swedish cars:

a Swedish ID, January 1958

a Swedish DS, 1958

a Swedish ID, September 59

Arrival of the DS in Sweden, 1956.

Starting at year model 60, the DS for Sweden have "Vattenfall" seatbelts.
(see the complete story told in Franch here: les ceintures de sécurité.)

 

After a few years of production, the technical specification for Sweden reads:

- Chassis of Grand Exportation-type with reinforcements from early sixties
-
Tyres 165-400 both in front and rear, later 180-15 XAS both in front and rear on all models until IE
- Exhaust system of Grand Exportation type ending under rear bumper
- ID had always rear window in glass, not plexi
- DSpecial had stainless steel indicator trumpets
- Rilsan-coated hydraulic pipes from 1970
- Special spheres with special membranes for cold climates


- Always "-10 heating system", meaning that there is the curtain in front of the radiator or on later years the blocking plate in the air intake channel also an extra heating element in the right air channel and sometimes an extra electric fan for the right side air intake but never the extra heater mounted in the boot as on the -15 system


This global technical specification (sent to me for Sweden by Lars) should probably have many common points with the technical specification fot other cold countries.

About the lights: there were no sideblinkers ever in Sweden.

But there were at some point some yellow plastic position lights below the front bumper: when the "law of driving lights even at days" came in Sweden, lots of people mounted these lights instead of having the headlights on. They were automatically turned on and off with the engine, and therefore the driver never risked to forget the lights on and emptying the battery.
These were quite popular in the period ca 1977-1985 but since then almost gone.


In the early seventies, the Swedish carmaker SAAB introduced on their models 99 and 96, for the first time in the world, some front light wipers. Volvo soon followed and when both Swedish carmakers had these wipers, the Swedish lawmakers decided that all new cars sold in Sweden should have front light wipers. So they were fitted on Swedish sold DS and even GS (2 CV got a dispensation, as it would indeed be very difficult to fit such wipers on a 2CV....)

Apparently the requirement was later abandoned, as not all swedish later cars (for example GSA) do have front light wipers.

Therefore, for 74 and 75 models, and only for Sweden (not Denmark or Norway), the D-models have these additional wipers.


Other specificity: headrests were standard for Sweden, and not an option.

And a strange thing appears, the same as in Norway: the CX was not yet sold in Sweden in 75, and many 75 D-models were sent there, and a large proportion of them (Dspecial, DSuper and breaks) were in a Rouge Cornaline colour.

I would very much appreciate a picture of a 75 swedish car in Rouge Cornaline, if a visitor of this page has one.




Finland

- the cars came to Finland directly from Paris, without going through Denmark. There are very very few early models that survive here, this is significantly different from the situation in Norway or Sweden.

In the time , the Finnish D-models models were so equipped:
- add of a water temperature gauge
- no "Citroën" logo on the bonnet
- no sideblinkers
- bigger rear mudguards (like in Sweden)
- option of special heater/defrost on the rear window

Here as a present, you get a picture of the very first DS to arrive in Finland, on the 29th of May, 1956. The colour was Vert Printemps, and the chassis number 1643.

More pictures about the DS in Finland on this link

 

 

The arctic circle trip

Let's finish with a small story about the Ds in Scandinavia. Please meet this camping car and her badges on the front window.

she went in the 70's from France to the arctic circle, following this way.


Think to this: how many D models have she met in scandinavia during the trip? Hundreds, maybe?

Ok, enough for today, my boys, it's time to sleep, make sweet dreams.

Here below you'll find the badges on the front window to remember that incredible trip.

Dr Danche.